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Look What Happened at These Parks Before They Are Closed.

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The previous year I ran a segment each month on what happened that month for Seminole War history. After the news about the possibility of state parks closing, I decided to run part of that list again. I have January and February below. I list an event from my timeline, and where it occurred. I don't list the event if I don't have the location.

I will point out that all of the Florida State Parks listed are on the proposed list of 53 state parks to be closed. In other words, every Florida state park that has a significant connection to Seminole War history is due to be closed.

For Paynes Town, I don't have the exact location for it. So I don't know if that was in Payne Prairie Preserve State Park or now. Paynes Prairie is not on the closure list. Paynes Creek, another significant Seminole War park, is on the closure list.


1 January 1838 - Seminole prisoners at St. Augustine are moved to Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. Included are Micanope, Coa-Hadjo, Little Cloud, King Philip, Osceola, and 200 others.

5 January 1802 - William A. Bowles takes a large force of Seminoles, Negroes, and pirates, and lays siege to San Marcos. This time he is unsuccessful and the siege ends after about 10 days. Bowles' failure to take the fort discredits him among his Indian supporters. San Marcos de Apalache Historic State Park.

8 January 1815 - The final Battle of New Orleans. Chalmette Battlefield National Park near New Orleans, Louisiana. Several hundred Miccosukee and Seminole Indians side with the British at the Battle of New Orleans, including Chief Bowlegs. They are not at the actual battle, but waiting to be deployed from ships that are miles away.

13 January 1836 – Bulow Ruins State Park. General Hernandez abandons Bulowville plantation because there are not enough soldiers to defend it from attack. The Seminoles burn the structures shortly after.

15 January 1838 – at Riverbend Battlefield Park, Palm Beach County, A small naval expedition under Lt. L.M. Powell falls under heavy attack by Seminoles on the Loxahatchee River near Jupiter Inlet.

16 January 1792 - William Augustus Bowles with a large band of Creeks takes over and loots the Panton, Leslie, & Co. store in San Marcos (St. Marks). San Marcos de Apalache Historic State Park

18 January 1836 - Major Benjamin Putnam's "Mosquito Roarers" Florida Militia unit retreats from the Dunlawton plantation after an attack by King Philip & Coacoochee's force. Dunlawton Plantation Sugar Mill Ruins, Port Orange, FL.

24 January 1838 - The Battle of Loxahatchee/Jupiter Inlet, at Riverbend Battlefield Park, Palm Beach County,. Heavy fighting in a well-defended hammock along the Loxahatchee River. General Jesup is wounded in the face during the battle. With the number of soldiers engaged, this is the largest battle during the war.

25 January 1842 - An Infantry detachment attacks Halleck Tustenuggee's camp at Haw Creek near Dunn's Lake (Crescent Lake), but the Indians escape. Dunn's Creek State Park

31 January 1838 - Osceola dies and is buried at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina. His physician Dr. Weedon secretly removes Osceola's head before burial for his private collection.


8 February 1837 - Battle of Lake Monroe. Near the Sanford Historical Society Museum. 300-400 Seminoles attack Camp Monroe under the leadership of Coacoochee and King Philip. Captain Mellon is killed, but the soldiers are able to repel the attack with the help of gunboats on the lake. The camp is renamed Fort Mellon after the fallen Captain.

11 February 1815 – American forces surrender Fort Bowyer at Mobile Point to the British after several days of siege. This was the last battle of the War of 1812. Two days later, word reached the area that the war was over. Fort Morgan State Historic Site, Alabama

20 February 1836 – Eight weeks after Dade's battle, General Gaines' command is the first white group to reach Major Dade's command and buries the bodies. Dade Battlefield Historic State Park

27 February-30 March 1743 - General Oglethorpe again tries to take Florida and St. Augustine. Once again he fails and is forced to retreat. He brings a large force of Indians made up of Cherokee and Upper & Lower Creeks, who attack Yamassee that are friendly with the Spanish. This was the last time the British attempted to take Florida before it was ceded to them in 1763. St. Augustine, Castillo de San Marcos

27-29 February 1836 - The Seminoles attack General Gaines' command at the Withlacoochee River. The soldiers are forced to retreat down the river and make a hastily built breastwork (Camp Izard) for defense. Gaines' command lay under siege for the next week until Seminoles under Micanope and Osceola declare a truce, and relief arrives from General Clinch at Fort Drane. Withlacoochee River near where highway 200 crosses.

(Below: Jackson Walker's painting of Gaines' battle on the Withlacoochee. Not far from where highway 200 crosses the river, on modern day water management land.)

Current Location:
the hammock
Current Mood:
aggravated aggravated
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