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June Events in Seminole War History

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Here is what happened in the Florida War/History for June:

2 June 1837 - Osceola, Sam Jones (Abiaka), and Coacoochee appear at the Seminole encampment near Fort Brooke before dawn. By daybreak all the Seminoles (over 700) who have been waiting to emigrate, disappear into the Florida swamps with supplies of food and ammunition. Another cause for the mass exodus may have been a measles outbreak, or white slave traders in the area. General Jesup is humiliated and submits his resignation, but it is rejected.

4 June 1838 - Seminoles burn the abandoned Fort Dade and the bridge on the Withlacoochee River. The Seminoles disappear after a short skirmish.

9 June 1836 - Soldiers under siege at Fort Defiance use bold and unorthodox battle maneuvers to drive away Seminoles under Osceola.

9 June 1836 - Battle of Shepherd’s Plantation in Stewart County, Georgia. Creeks lure Georgia militia forces under Captain Garmany into an ambush and almost surround them. The Georgians retreat and are pursued by Creek warriors for three miles with several of the militia killed.

The same day, the steamboat Metamora, carrying Georgia militia troops, is fired upon by a large number of Creek warriors from the shore about 20 miles south of Columbus, Georgia.

11 June 1559 - Tristan de Luna y Arellano lands in Pensacola Bay but fails in his attempt to establish a colony after 22 months of hardships.

11 June 1856 - Secretary of War Jefferson Davis writes a letter to Florida Governor Broome critical of the behavior and non-commitment of the Florida militia.

12 June 1839 - Army patrol attacked by Indians near Fort Cross.

13 June-4 July 1740 - General James Oglethorpe from the English Colony of Georgia surrounds and tries to take St. Augustine, but fails. With Oglethorpe is a large force of Creek, Chickasaw, and Uchize (Yuchi) Indians, who raid northern and central Florida.

13 June 1842 - David Levy Yulee, U.S. Delegate in the House of Representatives for the Territory of Florida, said no sympathy should be given to the Indians of Florida since they are not the aboriginal inhabitants of Florida, and had only moved there recently. (Even though the Seminoles were in Florida before the Americans.) It is believed that he made this speech in congress to keep the war going, with government money and military support coming into Florida.

David Levy Yulee

14-16 June 1856 - The Battle of Tillis Farm near Fort Meade. Fight between a large force of Indians against the Tillis family and local militia. The battle continued the next two days along the Peace River. Many important white and Seminole leaders are killed, including Oscen Tustenuggee. The white and Indian accounts of the battle vary widely, with no real victory by either side. This is the most significant battle during the Third Seminole War because of the forces involved and the high casualty rate.

17 June 1838 - Army forces find and attack a Seminole camp in a hammock at Kanapaha Prairie. Captain Walker of the local militia who is acting as guide is killed, leaving the army command lost in the woods for several hours.

18 June 1812 - The War of 1812 begins as the United States declares war on Great Britain.

18 June 1836 - General Jesup battles and overruns Neamathla’s large village on Hutchechubbee Creek in Alabama. He had captured Neamathla a few days before.

18 June 1838 - Skirmish at the Ochlocknee River.

19 June 1835 – Seminoles and local settlers fight over cattle and reservation boundaries at Hickory Sink, south of what is today Gainesville. A small party of Indians engaged in butchering cattle are discovered by local militia soldiers who overpower and start whipping them. Two other Indians arrive and a gunfight ensues. One Indians is killed and another wounded.

22 June 1564 - Rene Goulaine de Laudonniere reestablishes Charles Fort, renamed Fort Caroline.

22 June to 22 October 1836 - A company of Florida Militia from Columbia County has several battles against the Creeks in the Okefenokee Swamp area, claiming to have killed and taken prisoner many Indians.

23 June 1800 - A large Spanish force sails up the St. Marks River and recaptures Fort San Marcos. William Augustus Bowles escaped with his few white supporters who were left.

25 June 1836 - The Secretary of War appoints Florida Governor Richard K. Call as commander of the forces in Florida.

25 June 1837 – A wood cutting party of five civilians lands on Key Largo and is ambushed by Indians. Ship Captain John Whalton and one sailor are killed.

After 25 June 1841 - Major General Winfield Scott becomes Commanding General of the U.S. Army after the death of Alexander Macomb. He holds this post until 1861.

26 June 1549 - Missionary Father Luis Cancer de Barbastro arrives in Tampa Bay to minister to the Indians, but is clubbed to death in the surf before he even reaches the shore.

28 June 1565 - Pedro Menendez de Aviles lands in Florida with a Spanish military exhibition to stop the French at Ft. Caroline, and establishes the town of St. Augustine.

Current Location:
the hammock
Current Mood:
awake awake
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