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Seminole War History for March

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It happened in March:

2 March 1841 - Battle at the crossing between Fort Brooke on the Oklawaha River and Fort Russell on Orange Creek. Heavy fighting. Indians are believed to be Miccosukees under Halleck Tustenuggee.

2 March 1856 - Seminoles attack the Snell house on Sarasota Bayou.

3 March 1838 - Seminole prisoners at Fort Moultrie, South Carolina are moved to the Indian Territory in the west. King Philip dies during the journey.

3 March 1841 - Skirmish near Fort MacKay (Ocala Forest). The camp of the attacking Indians is found on March 5th, with items recovered include the coat of Lt. Sherwood and cloak of Mrs. Montgomery who were killed at Martin’s Point the previous December 28th.

3 March 1845 - Florida becomes the 27th State of the United States of America.

5 March 1841 - Coacoochee comes to Fort Cummings for peace talks. He is dressed as Hamlet, and other chiefs are wearing Shakespearean costumes captured from the troupe of actors the previous year.

5-6 March 1837 - General Jesup starts negotiations at Fort Dade to have the Seminoles immediately cease hostilities and emigrate to the west. Seminole leaders Jumper, Cloud, Abraham, Alligator, and Coacoochee participate in the negotiations.

6 March 1836 - The siege on the Withlacoochee ends when General Gaines negotiates an end to it with Alligator, Jumper, Osceola, and Abraham. Soldiers arriving from Fort Drane during the negotiations mistakenly fire upon the Indians.

9 March 1818 - Jackson arrives at Fort Scott and assembles a force of 2,000, including Creek Indians friendly to the United States, regular Army soldiers, and Tennessee volunteers. He heads south and burns and loots any Seminole and Free Black village that he finds in north Florida.

10 March 1836 - South Carolina militia soldiers battle at the Addison Blockhouse on the Tomoka River. Three soldiers are killed. The Indians were probably Miccosukees of King Philip’s band.

10 March 1840 - Methodist minister McRea is killed by Indians and buried at Martin’s Point between Micanopy and Wacahoota.

13 or 14 March 1836 - Skirmish between Florida Militia and Indians between Tampa and Alafia River.

14 March 1818 - Jackson’s force reaches the former Negro Fort and establishes Fort Gadsden as a supply base.

16 March 1836 - The U.S. Senate confirms Richard K. Call as the territorial governor of Florida to replace John Eaton.

17 March 1812 - American “Patriots” under Major General Thomas Pinckney and Colonel Thomas Smith occupy Fernandina and declare Florida as United States territory.

18 March 1840 - Seminoles attack an empty supply train between Fort No. 2 (Fort Hook) and Micanopy.

20 March 1818 - Warriors under Savannah Jack ambush Soldiers near Fort Claiborne, Alabama. Several are killed, including Captain William Butler, whom the local county is named after.

20 March 1839 - Indians attack a surveying party at Itonia Scrub in northeast Florida.

22 March 1836 - A command under General Abraham Eustis is attacked while crossing the St. Johns River at Volusia.

22 March 1838 - Battle of Pine Island in south Florida. A large party of army and militia find and overtake Seminole camps on Pine Island. Although not many Seminoles are killed or captured, the surprise attack makes them lose their entire supplies.

24 March 1840 - Seminoles attack a party of soldiers & cattle near Fort King. Two soldiers are also killed at the fort within 200 yards of the pickets.

25-26 March 1836 - The Seminoles harass an army command under Colonel Lindsay during an attempt to cross the Withlacoochee River. The Seminoles are driven off when a canon is fired at them.

25 March 1837 - Battle along the Pea River in Alabama near Hobdy Bridge. Alabama Militia forces find and overrun an Indian camp in the swamp. Many of the soldiers are firing in the water at a heavily defended Indian camp. The battle lasts for almost four hours with heavy casualties on both sides. There is a lot of close hand-to-hand combat with even the women from the camp fighting and firing weapons. The soldiers eventually take the camp with a cost of about a dozen casualties, and about 50 Creeks killed.

26 March 1836 - A large Seminole force attacks a Florida Militia force searching the hammocks near Fort Brooke (Tampa). The militia drives off the Seminoles with the loss of one soldier killed and one wounded.

27 March 1814 - Andrew Jackson defeats the Red Stick Creeks at the battle of Horseshoe Bend, ending the Creek War. He killed over 800 Creek warriors, and it is said that there were no more than 10 Red Stick warriors who survived. Peter McQueen’s band survived because he moved away from Horseshoe Bend before the battle. It is believed that a young Osceola and his mother were captured and released. McQueen and the Prophet Josiah Francis are also captured, but escape.

27 March 1835 - Indian Agent Wiley Thompson and General Duncan Clinch have another unsuccessful conference with the Seminole chiefs to try and persuade them to emigrate west.

28 March 1833 - The Treaty of Fort Gibson is signed. The treaty states that the Seminoles would move out west within three years. Later the chiefs either denied that they had signed the treaty, or that they had signed it only with the understanding that they would survey the land. Charges were that the Indians had been made drunk and coerced into signing the treaty, or that Seminole Indian Agent John Phagan had forced them to sign. Phagan was removed from office not long after on charges of malfeasance, fraud, and improper conduct, but the treaty stayed.

28 March 1836 - Skirmish at Fort Broadnax, near “Chickuchatty.”

29 March 1818 - Jackson’s force destroys the Seminole/Miccosukee village of Tallehassa near Lake Miccosukee.

29 March 1836 - General Eustis’ command is attacked while they are bivouacked on the Oklawaha River.

29-30 March 1836 - Seminoles battle General Scott’s command at the Camp Izard crossing on the Withlacoochee River. A running skirmish continues the next day.

29 March 1837 - A letter is published in a Florida newspaper where President Jackson insults the Florida Volunteer Militia Soldiers. Jackson says that he could take 50 women and beat the Seminoles. He says that Florida women should let their men die so they can remarry and have children who won’t grow up to be cowards. Jackson just finished his two terms as president, and Martin Van Buren is now the new President.

29 March 1856 - Skirmish “near Chocoliska.”

30 March 1836 - General Eustis’ army and Seminoles engage in a skirmish near the Seminole village of Okihumpky. The village is burned, but Eustis gives up plans to engage the Seminoles in the cove of the Withlacoochee. The Seminoles now have almost total control of the interior of Florida.

31 March 1856 - Seminoles attack the Braden plantation along the lower Manatee River.

Current Location:
the hammock
Current Mood:
awake awake
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