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seminolewar


Nicholl's Fort on the Northern Apalachicola River

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This Sunday, November 9th, 2014, we are having a dedication of a historical marker at Chattahoochee, Florida, along the Apalachicola River. Below is a photo that Dale Cox has provided me of the beautiful, new marker. Come see us at 3 pm Eastern time, or 2 pm Central time. It is at Chattahoochee Landing park and boat ramp, along the Apalachicola River, by the Indian Mound with the picnic shelter on top. Take the driveway next to the Hardee’s resturaunt just east of the Highway 90 bridge over the Apalachicola River.

Nicholls fort

In the Fall of 1814, British Marine Col. Edward Nicholls was preparing a force to raid Georgia, and continue the campaign against the United States. This was eventually ended by the Battle of New Orleans and the Treaty of Ghent.

But part of the plan was to block off the Apalachicola River from American traffic and commerce. Control of the river would have significant impact to the Americans who needed to ship the cotton down river from Georgia and Mississippi territory (Alabama.)

So we know about Negro Fort built at the southern end of the river. Few people know about the fort at the other end of the Apalachicola River, and the northern boundary of Spanish Florida. Beyond here was Georgia, and the river branched off into the Chattahoochee and Flint Rivers.

Nicholls met here with Josiah Francis, and had a contingent of 180 Crown soldiers recruited from Freed Slaves, and was gathering a force of 500 Red Stick and Seminole/Miccosukee warriors.

The fort was eventually abandoned after March 1815, but it is written that remains of the fort could be seen from the river for years afterwards.
Current Location:
The Kimball Library of Seminole War History
Current Mood:
awake awake
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