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seminolewar


"White man's" or "Creek Indian" Clothing circa 1900?

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A recent post on a facebook page showed a school group from the Florida panhandle in 1916. All the people in the photo are identified as Creek Indian descent and wearing the typical clothing of that era.

The person posting the photo said, "it is clear from the photo that they were hiding their Creek heritage behind white mans clothing of the day."

So I was wondering, what makes those clothes white man's clothes? What does Creek clothing look like in 1916?

So given that line of thinking, if they were not hiding their Creek heritage, then they should be wearing Creek Indian clothes. And there are plenty of Creeks in Oklahoma who were not hiding their Creek heritage, so they must be wearing Creek or Indian clothing during the same era, around the early 1900s.

Below: Pleasant Porter, Chief of the Muscogee Nation in Oklahoma. Born in 1840. Chief 1899 until his death in 1907. Since he is the chief, then he must be wearing clothing of a Creek chief.



Below: Alexander Posey, 1873-1908. Famous Creek reporter, publisher, writer, and poet. Tragic death at an early age, but so brilliant that they still reprint his works. If he is such a great example of Creek writing, then he must be wearing Creek clothing in this photo.



Below: Chitto Harjo (Crazy Snake) led a traditional movement against Allotment in Oklahoma. Wanted to keep the traditional clan and Creek government that the U.S. was trying to eliminate. Branded an outlaw that the whole territory militia was looking for. Wounded in a gunfight, and date and place of his death are unknown. You don’t get more traditional than him. If he lived 90 years earlier, he probably would have died at Horseshoe Bend. So I would guess that he is wearing Creek Indian clothing from around 1900.



Below: Seminole Light Horsemen around 1904. Law and order was nowhere to be found in Indian territory, so the Seminoles formed their own police force. Deputy, sheriff, judge, jury, and executioner all rolled up in one package. You are looking at the inside of a can of Indian territory whoopass. They are not hiding their Indian heritage; and they probably want you to know who they are when they show up to arrest you. So I would guess that they are definitely wearing Indian clothing in this photo.



Below: And finally, a photo of the Muscogee Nation Council in 1877. You can see the variation of ethnic backgrounds that are Muscogee Creeks, representing white, red, and black colored people. I would think that as the Creek Nation council, they would be wearing their ethnic clothing in this photo.



So now, I guess I know what Creek Indian clothing should look like around the early 1900s.
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